shoulder

shoulder
n. & v.
—n.
1 a the part of the body at which the arm, foreleg, or wing is attached. b (in full shoulder joint) the end of the upper arm joining with the collar-bone and blade-bone. c either of the two projections below the neck from which the arms depend.
2 the upper foreleg and shoulder blade of a pig, lamb, etc. when butchered.
3 (in pl.) a the upper part of the back and arms. b this part of the body regarded as capable of bearing a burden or blame, providing comfort, etc. (needs a shoulder to cry on).
4 a strip of land next to a metalled road (pulled over on to the shoulder).
5 a part of a garment covering the shoulder.
6 a part of anything resembling a shoulder in form or function, as in a bottle, mountain, tool, etc.
—v.
1 a tr. push with the shoulder; jostle. b intr. make one's way by jostling (shouldered through the crowd).
2 tr. take (a burden etc.) on one's shoulders (shouldered the family's problems).
Phrases and idioms:
put (or set) one's shoulder to the wheel make an effort. shoulder arms hold a rifle with the barrel against the shoulder and the butt in the hand. shoulder-bag a woman's handbag that can be hung from the shoulder. shoulder-belt a bandolier or other strap passing over one shoulder and under the opposite arm. shoulder-blade Anat. either of the large flat bones of the upper back; the scapula. shoulder-high up to or as high as the shoulders. shoulder-holster a gun holster worn in the armpit. shoulder-knot a knot of ribbon, metal, lace, etc. worn as part of a ceremonial dress. shoulder-length (of hair etc.) reaching to the shoulders. shoulder loop US the shoulder-strap of an army, air-force, or marines officer. shoulder mark US the shoulder-strap of a naval officer. shoulder-note Printing a marginal note at the top of a page. shoulder-of-mutton sail = leg-of-mutton sail. shoulder-pad a pad sewn into a garment to bulk out the shoulder. shoulder-strap
1 a strip of fabric, leather, etc. suspending a bag or garment from the shoulder.
2 a strip of cloth from shoulder to collar on a military uniform bearing a symbol of rank etc.
3 a similar strip on a raincoat.
shoulder to shoulder
1 side by side.
2 with closed ranks or united effort.
Derivatives:
shouldered adj. (also in comb.).
Etymology: OE sculdor f. WG

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shoulder — Shoul der, n. [OE. shulder, shuldre, schutder, AS. sculdor; akin to D. schoulder, G. schulter, OHG. scultarra, Dan. skulder, Sw. skuldra.] 1. (Anat.) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — [shōl′dər] n. [ME schuldere < OE sculdor, akin to Ger schulter < IE * skḷdhrā, shoulder blade used as a spade < base * (s)kel , to cut > SHELL, SHILLING, SKULL] 1. a) the joint connecting the arm or forelimb with the body b) the part… …   English World dictionary

  • shoulder — ► NOUN 1) the joint between the upper arm or forelimb and the main part of the body. 2) a joint of meat from the upper foreleg and shoulder blade of an animal. 3) a part of something resembling a shoulder, in particular a point at which a steep… …   English terms dictionary

  • Shoulder — Shoul der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shouldered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shouldering}.] 1. To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence; to jostle. [1913 Webster] As they the earth would shoulder from her seat. Spenser. [1913 Webster] Around… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — O.E. sculdor, from W.Gmc. *skuldro (Cf. M.Du. scouder, Du. schouder, O.Fris. skoldere, M.L.G. scholder, O.H.G. scultra, Ger. Schulter), of unknown origin, perhaps related to SHIELD (Cf. shield). Meaning edge of the road is attested from 1933. The …   Etymology dictionary

  • Shoulder — Shoul der, v. i. To push with the shoulder; to make one s way, as through a crowd, by using the shoulders; to move swaying the shoulders from side to side. A yoke of the great sulky white bullocks . . . came shouldering along together. Kipling.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shoulder — [v1] be responsible for accept, assume, bear, carry, take on, take upon oneself; concept 23 Ant. deny, refuse shoulder [v2] push, jostle bulldoze*, elbow, hustle, nudge, press, push aside, shove, thrust; concept 208 …   New thesaurus

  • shoulder — index assume (undertake), bear (support), bolster, maintain (sustain), underwrite Burton s Legal …   Law dictionary

  • Shoulder — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = articulatio humeri GraySubject = 81 GrayPage = 313 Caption = Diagram of the human shoulder joint Caption2 = Capsule of shoulder joint (distended). Anterior aspect. Width = 300 Precursor = System = Artery =… …   Wikipedia

  • shoulder — shoul|der1 W2S2 [ˈʃəuldə US ˈʃouldər] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(body part)¦ 2¦(clothes)¦ 3¦(meat)¦ 4 be looking over your shoulder 5 6 shoulder to shoulder 7 on somebody s shoulders 8 put your shoulder to the wheel 9¦(road side)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shoulder — [[t]ʃo͟ʊldə(r)[/t]] ♦♦ shoulders, shouldering, shouldered 1) N COUNT: oft poss N Your shoulders are between your neck and the tops of your arms. She led him to an armchair, with her arm round his shoulder... He glanced over his shoulder and saw… …   English dictionary

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